This general information page about Bali covers the history, geography of the island to the tourism industry sector in general and briefly.
About the island of Bali, of course, you are already familiar with this province with the capital city of Denpasar, right?
Starting from the beauty of nature and culture. Until the original customs of Indonesian ancestors, the heritage is still well preserved on this island of the gods.
General Information About Bali
The island of Bali is one of the more than 17.000 islands in Indonesia. With an island area of 153 km long and 112 km wide and an island area of 123,98 km2.
The area of this island is half the area of the province of East Java and about 3,2 km from Ketapang, the eastern part of the island of Java.
Geographically, the island is located on an imaginary line 8°25′23″ south latitude and 115°14′55″ east longitude. This is what makes Bali a tropical climate like other parts of Indonesia.
Bali Islands It is also the last chain of tropical islands in an imaginary line that marks the separation of the Asian and Australasian ecological zones.
Topologically the island of Bali stretches mountains from the west of the island to the east. It is flanked between the island of Java in the west and the island of Lombok in the east.
Among these mountains there are a number of active volcanoes and unlike:
- Mount Agung is 3.142 meters high.
- Mount Batur 1.717 meters above sea level.
- Mount Abang is 2.276 meters high.
- Mount Batukaru is 2.276 meters high.
In General Information About Bali Here, this island of the gods is divided by rivers, canals, and forest-covered gorges. The valleys and hills are colored by the green expanse of rice, the ends of the beautiful beaches and the lakes that fill the rest of the crater.
Bali has 4 (four) lakes located in the middle of a mountainous island, namely:
- Beratan Lake / Lake Bedugul
- Buyan Lake.
- Tamblingan Lake.
- And Lake Batur.
The beautiful Bali makes this island famous as a tourist area. Lake Batur with an area of 1.607,5 hectares, Lake Beratan 375,6 hectares, Lake Buyan 336 hectares and Lake Tamblingan 110 hectares.
Rivers originating from tropical forests and lakes flowing to the south. These alliances are like the Unda river, Petanu River, Ayung River, Pulukan River, Loloan River and others.
The 4th smallest according to the statistical agency for the area, Bali province has 8 regional government districts and one provincial capital.
- Badung Regency with 6 districts
- Bangli Regency with 4 districts
- Buleleng Regency with 9 districts
- Gianyar Regency with 7 districts
- Jembrana Regency with 5 districts
- districts Karangasem with 8 sub-districts
- Klungkung Regency with 4 districts
- Tabanan Regency with 10 districts
- Denpasar City with 4 districts
The province of Bali was inaugurated on August 14, 1958 based on the legal basis of Law no. 64 of 1958 concerning the establishment of Bali's Level I Regions.
Covers the Lesser Sunda region which consists of Bali, West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara.
Until every August 14th, he made it the anniversary of the Province of Bali before the division and until now.
The ancient island of Bali was inhabited by Austronesian people around 2000 BC. Who migrated and came from Taiwan via Maritime Southeast Asia.
The culture and language of the Balinese are so closely related to those of the Indonesian archipelago, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Oceania. Archaeological finds such as stone tools dating back to the Austronesian era have been found near the village of Cekik in the west of the island of Bali.
In ancient Bali there were nine Hindu sects namely Pasupata, Bhairawa, Shiva Shidanta, Vaishnava, Bodha, Brahma, Rishi, Sora and Ganapatya. Each sect honors a certain deity as its personal Godhead.
Balinese culture is heavily influenced by Indian, Chinese and especially Hindu culture. The culture began around the 1st century AD.
The name Bali Dwipa ("Bali Island") has been found from various inscriptions, including the pillar of the Blanjong inscription written by Sri Kesari Warmadewa in 914 AD which mentions "Walidwipa".
At that time a complex Subak irrigation system had been developed to grow rice. Some religious and cultural traditions still exist today and can be traced back to when you visit Bali (General Information About Bali).
The Hindu kingdom of Majapahit (1293-1520 AD) in East Java established a colony in Bali in 1343.
In the 15th century AD when the Majapahit kingdom was defeated by the power of the Islamic kingdom of Demak, there was a massive exodus of Javanese-Hindu intellectuals, artists, priests, and musicians from the island of Java to the island of Bali.
Balinese Life Beliefs
The beliefs of the ancient Balinese as described above, there are nine Hindu sects, namely:
- Pasupata Sect.
- Bhairawa Sect.
- Shiva Shidanta Sect.
- Vaishnava sect.
- Bodha Sect.
- Brahma Sect.
- Rishi Sect.
- Sora Sect.
- Ganapatya Sect.
Each sect honors a certain deity as its personal Godhead. Balinese belief today is a complex phenomenon based on various aspects of Hinduism, Shiva, Buddhism and combined with ancestral traditions.
Therefore the worship of spirits, ancestors, and natural elements is combined with Hinduism itself.
In some cases, traditional ceremonies and religious rituals differ from one region to another.
Most of the Balinese, almost 95% are Hindus, even though they are syncretic Balinese Hindus or sometimes also called Balinese Hindus Hindu Dharma.
Religious ceremonies in Bali
In General Information About Bali, one of the important ceremonies in Bali is the cremation or cremation ceremony which is commonly called take a nap.
During this ceremony, gamelan, dances, and offerings accompany the procession with a “decorated tower” being paraded from the funeral home to the cremation site.
The cosmology and symbolism of the mountain in Balinese architecture can be seen in the shape and structure of the temple architecture or the characteristics of the gate which is made to resemble a tower.
There is a curve that resembles two separate parts of a pyramid and depicts two parts of the mountain, one part of Mount Agung and the other the embodiment of Mount Batur.
Another common symbol is meru which are tens or even hundreds of buildings resembling pagodas standing in holy places and in the temple grounds.
The meru building is a layer of stone that has a series of roofs resembling pyramidal overlaps that are covered by black palm fronds. The number eleven is the number determined on the basis of beliefs related to the order of the universe.
Beliefs, ceremonies, and celebrations have guided the lives of Balinese from the time they were born to form a blend that reflects the cultural character of the people.
Religious regulations not only bind the form of temples and temples but also regulate village spatial planning, family house structures, and a range of rights and responsibilities in their lives. Starting from everyday life on Earth, starting to eat, before going to bed, walking to speaking.
Bali and Tourism
Bali is the most popular tourist destination on earth. Most of the honeymoon tourists and vacation tourists you will meet who visit this island.
Bali is famous for its dances and culture, traditional music, many carvings, paintings, leather crafts and metalworking are quite popular.
The first tour was carried out by Maha Rishi Markandeya from the land of Java for the purpose of spreading Hinduism on the island of Bali in the 8th century AD.
Then there were also several other Spiritual Figures who came to the island of Bali for the same purpose afterwards.
Travel from Europe to the island of Bali is done Cornelis de Houtman from the Netherlands in 1579 as the first westerner to land on the island of Bali. His arrival was part of an expedition to find spices and trade in the archipelago.
Although they did not find the spices they were looking for on this island, during a brief stop the group explained about the island of Bali.
They describe the island of Bali as just a life with its culture which in their view is very unique, never found in other places visited during their circumnavigation of the world.
Bung Karno, Bali and Tourism in the 20th Century
Until the early 20th century when Bali was completely conquered by the Dutch, the entrance for westerners was widely opened and this was also the initial milestone in the entry of tourists which began in the 1920s.
First President of Indonesia Ir Soekarno. He made Bali (General Information About Bali) a place to receive state guests as well as to introduce Bali more widely in the eyes of the world.
Some of the country's guests included the first Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, North Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh, to American President Jhon F. Kennedy.
On the idea of Bung Karno, in Tampaksiring in 1957, the Tampaksiring Palace was built to welcome State Guests.
Then in 1963, it was Bung Karno who initiated the establishment of the Bali Beach Hotel on the Sanur beach.
This hotel will later be the tallest building in Bali to date (because it is in accordance with the Decree of the Governor of Bali in 1971 which states, among other things, that buildings in the Bali Region are the maximum height of a coconut tree or 15 meters.)
Bali Tourism Now
The rapid growth of development in the tourism sector to date has had a great impact and influence on the traditions and lifestyles of the Balinese and those on the island.
Interestingly, Balinese culture is still as it is, growing along with globalization. Another thing that can be the answer to preserving Balinese culture is the vision of the Balinese that inspires every soul to love and glorify their own culture without being ashamed.
Balinese Human Creativity
The creativity of Balinese people in various fields such as: sculpture techniques, dance, architecture, music and various other artistic expressions, they confidently show to the world.
And according to what was reported by CNN (cnnindonesia.com April 10, 2016) "Bali is Still the Main Gateway to Indonesian Tourism".
Although tourism is promising as an economic driver, in recent decades it has slowly but surely given rise to several problems, mainly in the form of environmental decline, the erosion of traditions, inflation, and an increase in crime.
General Information About Bali in recent years it has even become a gateway for "dangerous" things. This is a challenge for Bali in the future.
That's the page General Information About Bali we dedicate it to the traveler, hopefully it will be useful and be a reference and insight for fellow travelers in the future.
Bali Tourist Destination Spot
Bali has no doubt has many and worldwide destination spots. One of them you can read on page 101 popular tourist spots on the island of Bali.
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