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The Legend and History of Nusa Penida

The Legend and History of Nusa Penida

This time we present the article on the legend and history of Nusa Penida for travel friends who are curious about the history and folklore (legends) of Nusa Penida Bali.

But did you know travel? 3 Nusa in Bali which consists of Nusa Penida, Nusa Ceningan and Nusa Lembongan?

Yes, the three homelands are separated by the Badung Strait from the big island of Bali, or what is usually called the mother of islands.

Apart from its natural beauty, Nusa Penida is also interesting for its history. Likewise with the history of 2 other homelands.

Nusa Penida immediately ceremoy

The Legend and History of Nusa Penida

As for the history of Nusa Penida itself, it is certainly very interesting for visiting tourists.

Because, even here, there are still special rituals at temples on the island of Nusa Penida. Nusa Penida itself is an area that is part of Klungkung Regency, Bali.

Among the three islands mentioned above, Nusa Penida is the area that has the largest area.

There are quite a lot of recreation spots and tourist attractions here so that visitors can enjoy various marine tourism which is certainly beautiful.


Before we discuss more about the history of Nusa Penida, it would be a good idea to first discuss its geographical location.

So, for those of you who want to visit Nusa Penida, you can go through four Harbor main like; Sanur-Denpasar Beach, Benoa, Padangbai Harbor and Kusamba-Klungkung.

Or you can also read our other articles later:

Regarding sea transportation above, of course you no longer need to worry because the four ports have provided fast boats with the best facilities so that you can safely reach your destination on Nusa Island.

Fast boats can be rented with tickets as a means of public and private transportation.

After discussing the geographical conditions and the road to the location above, now is the time for us to focus on discussing the legend and history of Nusa Penida

We start from the legend of the folklore of Nusa Penida

Nusa Penida Folklore

Once upon a time in the year Saka 50, Ida Bhatara Shiva with his wife, Dewi Uma guess (descend) to earth along with his followers such as Tri Purusa, Catur Lokha Pala and Asta Gangga.

Lord Shiva with the magic Goddess Uma Legend and History of Nusa Penida

Descend on a mountain which is now called Mount Mundhi. It was on Mount Mundhi that Ida Bhatara Shiva and Sakti Ida Dewi Uma were transformed from Meraga (be-Raga) Dewata into humans.

Lord Shiva & Goddess Parvati

In addition to descending on the peak of Mount Mundhi, Ida Bhatara Shiva also descended at a place in Saka 55, which is now called Tunjuk Pusuh.

however Goddess Kwan Im first came down in the year Saka 45. He had a palace in a cave. So Goddess Parvati Following his descent to earth in the year Saka 60.

Now the place is named Giri Putri Cave who is the Pusering Jagat while Dewi Parwati, whose title is Bhatari Hyang Giri Putri, is the keeper of the tirta in the Giri Putri Cave.

The Uniqueness of Goa-Giri-Putri-Putri-Nusa-Penida

In addition to having a palace at the Goa Giri Putri Temple and the Tunjuk Pusuh Temple, they also have a palace at the Batu Medau temple.

See also: Traditional Ceremonies You Shouldn't Miss When In Bali!

Hamlet Jempungan

Ida Bhatara Shiva transformed into a man, becoming a Pandita (priest) with the title Jumpan hamlet. From this incarnation, the land of Mount Mundi became the origin of the name Nusa Penida.


The actual name of Nusa Penida is Manusa Pandita, manusa is a person/human being named Jumpand Hamlet is a Pandita/priest.

** The word dukuh in the Old Javanese Dictionary by Zoetmulder (1994:233) means Hermitage in the forest, Living in the forest and in the Balinese Dictionary (Simpen, 1985:59) the word dukuh means wang Mdwijati, adan soroh dukuh.

Manusa Pandita

From the word "Manusa Pandita“This is what gradually turned into Nusa Penida.

Puncak Mundi Temple Nusa Penida

While the magic of Ida Bhatara Shiva, Dewi Uma, was transformed into a woman named Ni Puri who was the wife of Dukuh Jumpungan.

The descent of Ida Bhatara Shiva and his wife to earth from Siwa Lokha also brought followers of 150 people. 

The descent of Ida Bhatara Shiva and his Sakti to earth, along with his followers, was a new beginning for the first humans in Nusa Penida.

Building villages and boarding houses

Dukuh Jumpungan and its followers began to build a residence called Padukuhan in the area around Mount Mundhi which is now flat, the location is called Rata Village.

Mount Mundhi

Meanwhile, at the top of Mount Mundhi, a boarding house was built surrounded by gardens originating from 8 water sources called Asta Gangga which came from Shiva Lokha, who came down with Ida Bhatara Shiva.

Build a boat

Because the island of Nusa Penida is surrounded by a very wide ocean, Ida Dukuh Jumpungan thought of building a boat.

In the year Saka 60, Ida Dukuh Jumpungan meditated at the Pesraman on the top of Mount Mundhi. From the power of Adnyana a very beautiful and very large boat emerged.

After the boat was finished, the boat was lowered from the Mundhi peak area towards the North and reached the sea, right on the coast of the Bodong area which is now called Tukat Bodong, and the boat was used to sail to enjoy the beauty of the ocean with his wife.

Give birth to a boy

And then in the year Saka 90, Ni Puri gave birth to a boy who was named I Merja. I Merja doesn't really enjoy sailing.

He prefers to meditate doing asceticism yoga meditation at Batu Beya asking for the safety of the world and the entire universe.

At this time the earth of Nusa Penida became prosperous, safe and sound, gemah ripah loh jinawi, thanks to the leadership of Dukuh Jumpungan.

After Dukuh Jumpungan was 95 years old. He did semedhi yoga at the top of the mountain and now stands the Puncak Gunung Mundhi temple as Ida Dukuh Jumpungan's stana.

And Ida Dukuh Jumpungan's wife, Ni Puri, also did semeddhi yoga in a place when she was 230 and moksa in the year Saka 280.

Now in its semedhi place stands the Batu Melawang temple as the palace of Ida Ni Puri.

Bethel Cave Ni Puri

It is also said that Ni Puri also once did semedhi yoga and with the power of Adnyana Ida was able to create Betel Cave from the west of the island of Nusa Cenik to penetrate to the east of the island of Nusa Cenik.

** Nusa Cenik is another name for Nusa Ceningan

By making a hole starting from the west, in the west the island of Nusa Cenik is called Batu Melawang. Meanwhile, in the east of Nusa Cenik island, because the passage from Bethel Cave is visible (ninggias) from the island of Nusa Gede, from the east of Nusa Cenik island, precisely around the cave, it is called Batu Banglas.

Betel Cave is the payogan palace of Ida Batara Ciwa and Dewi Uma. Apart from being a palace/payogan, it is also a place to store I Renggan's heirlooms.

Merja and Nu Luna

It is told that after I Merja became an adult, he married Ni Luna. Ni Luna comes from Indra Loka, who came down to earth with his sister Dewi Rohini in the year Saka 97.

The place where Ni Luna and her sisters descended is now called the Sukun area.

Apart from their sister, they also brought 125 followers. These followers were all Denawa (knights of Indra Loka), while Ni Luna and her brother from the Gods were transformed into humans.

Dewi Rohini was taken by Empu Agni Jaya to become his live-in wife Jungut Rock. It is also said that Empu Agni Jaya had two adopted sons named Hyang Naon and I Rundan who are now in the palace of the Sakenan Jungut Batu Temple.

Giving birth to I Renggan

I Merja at the age of 160 did semedhi yoga at Batu Beya and moksa in the year Saka 250.

Meanwhile, I Merja's wife, Ni Luna, did semedhi yoga in the Batu Banglas area when she was 153 and moksa in the Saka year 250. Now a temple stands as Ida Ni Luna's palace, namely Pura Batu Banglas.

From their marriage (I Merja & Ni Luna) I Renggan was born in Saka 150. I Renggan married I Merahim who was born in Saka 160.

I Renggan

Once upon a time, the legend and history of Nusa Penida continued from a young man named I Renggan. Where he likes to do Asceticism or Tapa Brata Yoga Samadhi.

He meditated at the Mount Mundhi Pasraman, Nusa Penida.

Because of I Renggan's diligence in performing Tapa Brata, Ida Dukuh Jumpungan, who had moksha and was in Shiva Lokha, was pleased to come down to earth to meet him.

Ida Dukuh Jumpungan gave all the supernatural powers and gifts that were inherited to her grandson, I Renggan.

Because getting a gift from Ida Dukuh Jumpungan So that I Renggan was able to make weapons in the form of kris, spears and other weapons.

apart I Renggan likes to meditate, he also likes sailing across the vast ocean. So I Renggan was given a magic boat resulting from the power of Ida Dukuh Jumpungan's adnyana semeddhi in the Saka year 60.

I Renggan The Legend and History of Nusa Penida
Hit Nusa Penida

I Renggan became unrivaled in his power, making him arrogant. Because he felt that he was magical, I Renggan wanted to show off his supernatural powers and the magic of his grandfather's boat to the world.

Everything hit by Ida Dukuh Jumpungan's boat will disappear and disappear without a trace.

So, to test his supernatural powers, he planned that his boat would crash into the island of Nusa Penida. However, before I Renggan hit Nusa Penida Island, he did yoga samadi asking for blessings from his grandfather, namely Dukuh Jumpungan.

Dukuh Jumpungan returned to earth to give I Renggan his blessing. (The place where Dukuh Jumpungan descends, now stands a temple called Pura Penida).

Nusa Gede & Nusa Cenik

After receiving approval, I Renggan and his men began their action of crashing into Nusa Penida Island. And in the year Saka 200, I Renggan managed to crash into the island of Nusa Penida so that it split into two parts, and formed a loloan, which was called the Penida loloan.

The two parts, the larger one in the south, is called Nusa Gede, the smaller one is called Nusa Cenik.

With this success, I Renggan and his 1500 men became very proud. They celebrated their success by having a party in the boat.

I Renggan continued to travel around, sailing south to the Indian Ocean, sailing west to Nusa Dua and stopping there. Sailing east until he wanted to hit the island of Lombok, right at the bako-bako, but that didn't happen.

Plans to Hit Bali Island & Mount Agung

Continuing the voyage to the North until Padang Bai. This is where I Renggan and his men had a plan to hit the island of Bali, starting from Padang Bai heading north to Mount Agung.

Besides planning to hit the island of Bali. He also has a plan to make the Balinese people uproar starting from Padang Bai by creating terror and fear here and there.

Burning Flying insects and fleas

I Renggan began to meditate and released his magic to mobilize insects and flying lice to attack all the plants in Bali.

People became panicked and afraid. Seeing this, the king in Bali, namely right on Mount Agung, had the title Ida Hyang Toh Langkir, the incarnation of Bhatara Vishnu who came down to earth in the year Saka 40 on Mount Agung, and responded to the insect with Ida's Adnyana magic.

Ida Hyang Toh Langkir created a fire which succeeded in burning the insects and flying fleas deployed by I Renggan.

Everything was charred and burned to ashes, because so many insects were burned that the ashes formed what is called a hill Pawon Hill.

Seeing this, I Renggan didn't want to give up and started meditating again on making bigger plans.

The big plan was to cause an earthquake and with the power of his boat he planned to hit Mount Agung starting from Padang Bai.

Knowing this plan, Ida Hyang Toh Langkir became very angry. Then he cursed I Renggan and his boat to drift away and drown.

Drowning the Magical Boat I Renggan

So Ida Hyang Toh Langkir began to meditate with the power of adnyana to create a hurricane. So I Renggan's boat went out of control, drifting in the middle of the sea, and finally drifted flat on the slopes of Nusa Cenik.

The front end of the boat forms the Nusa Cenik Platform, while the back faces downwards. Meanwhile, the sail of the boat was dragged by the wind towards the West, bobbing and falling in the middle of Nusa Cenik Island.

From the lying sail, a sea forms, which separates or divides the island of Nusa Cenik into two parts, to the south of Nusa Ceningan and to the north of Nusa Lembongan. It is also said that the lifeboat (koleg) from the boat I Renggan was hit by waves and stranded in Gumblong Bay and is now water. devil's eyes (devil's tears) Lembongan.

I Renggan Moksa at Nusa Ceningan

So after the boat sailed at Nusa Cenik, I Renggan settled and imprisoned on the island of Nusa Cenik, namely in Bakung. After I Renggan was 150 years old, he did tapa brata yoga, semedhi and moksa in the year Saka 300.

Now stands a temple which is named Pura Bakung as the palace of Ida I Renggan with the title Gede Pangerurah.

Meanwhile, the wife of I Renggan, namely Ni Merahim, has been doing tapa brata yoga semedhi in the Bodong Nusa Gede area since the age of 90 and moksha in the year Saka 250, and now there stands a temple which is named Pura Dalem Bungkut as Ida Ni Merahim's stana.

Meanwhile, all the heirlooms on the boat are stored in Betel Cave, Nusa Cenik island. To maintain the sanctity and sanctity of the island of Nusa Cenik or Nusa Ceningan according to Bisama Dukuh Jumpungan, the island of Nusa Cenik is guarded by Prati Sentana Ida Dukuh Jumpungan.

To the west is Ni Puri, to the east is Ni Luna, to the north is I Renggan, to the south is I Undur, as well as the guardian of the tirta Asta Gangga, which is in Bongkol Bebuwu, which has the Tri Sakti will, while across the ocean to the south guarded by Ni Luh Nanda and across the sea to the north guarded by Ni Darmain, Ni Diah Ranggaeni, so that the sanctity and sacredness of the island of Nusa Cenik is not polluted.

Apart from being kept on the island of Nusa Cenik, the I Renggan heritage is also kept on Gili Gede, Gili Maya, Nusa Lembongan, guarded by the Patriarch Gede Mecaling and Sang Ayu Mas Rajeg Bumi.

Ida Dalem Sawang

After landing the boat at Nusa Cenik, I Renggan's 1500 crew members all swam using the broken boat, returned to Nusa Gede island, not staying on Nusa Cenik island with I Renggan. After swimming for a while, they finally landed in Bias Muntig, carrying the wreckage of the boat.

Seeing this, Ida Dalem Sawang, the son of Dewi Rohini, who was born in Saka 160 as a king in Nusa Gede, became very angry and cursed or restrained all of I Renggan's 1500 men for not following I Renggan to settle on the island of Nusa Cenik.

Wong Samar

So Dalem Sawang began to devote his supervision to Durga Dewi, then immediately I Renggan's subordinates became vague people who had the form of Bhuta Kala and had a scary appearance.

Meanwhile, the wood chips from the boat were also converted into sacred wood called boat wood, so immediately the wood chips grew big in the Bodong area.

From the Dalem Sawang pastu, the contents are as follows:

"Whoever wants to bring Durga Dewi as his supervisor to Dalem Nusa should use boat wood as a prelingga sarwa mecaling because the boat wood comes from the driver Ida Bhatara Siwa (Dukuh Jumpungan). So Sidi, Sakli, mighty him."

After his men, I Renggan, were put together into wong samar and then assigned to be the pengabih or samar troops from Dalem Sawang.

** This time we will not discuss the story of Dalem Sawang in the Legend and History of Nusa Penida, my friend, but we will jump to the next generation of I Renggan & Ni Merahim.

Big Mecaling

The Legend and History of Nusa Penida continues.

From the marriage of I Renggan with Ni Merahim, two children were born. One male and the other female.

The boy's name is I Gede Mecaling born in the year Saka 180, the girl is named Ni Tole born in Saka year 185, was taken as a wife by Dalem Sawang who became king in Nusa.

I Gede Mecaling has a wife who holds the title Sang Ayu Mas Rajeg Bumi. I Gede Mecaling also enjoys doing tapa brata yoga semedhi since childhood.

In the year Saka 250 I Gede Mecaling did yoga semedhi at PED, the supervisor was addressed to Bhatara Shiva.

Because of his perseverance I Gede Mecaling did yoga semedhi asking for Wara Nugraha to Lord Shiva.

Kanda Sanga's Grace

Tapa semedhi I Gede Mecaling made Ida Bhatara Shiva pleased to come down to earth from Shiva Lokha. And gave a gift to I Gede Mecaling in the form of a gift from Kanda Sanga.

After receiving the gift of Kanda Sanga, I Gede Mecaling immediately changed. His body became big, his face became scary, his fangs became long, his voice shook the whole universe.

Ratu-Gede-Mas-Mecaling Legend and History of Nusa Penida

With such great changes. Then suddenly the universe became shaken, the commotion, fear, horror resulting from the appearance and voice of I Gede Mecaling roaring day and night caused an uproar throughout the world. Marcapada.

Seeing and hearing this, the gods also became confused. Because not a single human being on earth can beat the supernatural powers that Ida Bhatara Siwa received from 'I Gede Mecaling.

Not even the gods can match, let alone defeat I Gede Mecaling's supernatural powers which originate from his two fangs.

I-gede-Mecaling Legend and History of Nusa Penida
Cutting the two fangs of I Gede Mecaling

At a time when everything was confused both in Marcapada and in Swargaloka. Ida Bhatara G'uru had a plan to invite the gods to hold a Paruman (Deliberation).

In the Paruman it was agreed that Ida Bhatara Indra was appointed to come down to earth to overcome I Gede Mecaling who had caused a commotion in the universe.

Ida Bhatara Indra devised a strategy to conquer I Gede Mecaling. For years, Ida Bhatara Indra carried out his strategy with all his tricks and finally in the year Saka 290 Bhatara Indra succeeded in cutting off both of I Gede Mecaling's fangs.

After I Gede Mecaling's fangs were successfully cut, he no longer roared and the universe became safe again.

After successfully cutting the fangs of I Gede Mecaling, Ida Bhatara Indra lived in Batu Banglas, and in Saka 400 Ida Bhatara Indra moved to the island of Nusa Lembongan right in Ancak Sari.

Pancha Taksu

It is said that after I Gede Mecaling's fangs were cut off by Ida Bhatara Indra, then I Gede Mecaling returned to doing semedhi meditation at PED.

This time the supervision was directed at Ida Bhatara Ludra. Because of I Gede Mecaling's persistence in doing semedhi, Ida Bhatara Ludra was pleased to come down to Marcapada to give Panugrahan to I Gede Mecaling.

The Panugrahan was named Panugrahan Panca Taksu:

  1. Taksu Magic
  2. Balian Taksu
  3. Taksu Bangger
  4. Grubuk Repelling Taksu
  5. Taksu Holds a Celebration

It is said that after Dalem Sawang moksa, all the 1500 wong sama became I Gede Mecaling's camouflage reinforcements.

Because I Gede Mecaling continued to be king in Nusa Penida at that time with the title Papak Poleng.

Meanwhile, the wife of I Gede Mecaling who holds the title Sang Ayu Mas Rajeg Bumi and holds the title Papak Selem

The two of them became the rulers and guarded the island of Nusa Penida with all their troops from Bebutan and wong Samar so that the island of Nusa Penida became sacred until now.

I Gede Mecaling Moksa

I Gede Mecaling did yoga semedhi in PED, at the age of 320, and moksa in Saka 400, and now stands a temple called Pura Dalem PED.

Meanwhile, Sang Ayu Mas Rajeg Bumi meditated on meditation in Byas Muntig at the age of 245, and moksa in the year Saka 425.

And from the marriage between I Gede Mecaling and Sang Ayu Mas Rajeg Bumi, four children were born. 

  1. Named I Gotra is a man, born in Saka 200.
  2. A girl who was given Nairia Ni Darmain, was born in Saka 203.
  3. A boy named I Undur was born in Saka 205.
  4. A girl named Ni Diah Ranggaeni was born in the year Saka 210 and at the age of 50 years did semedhi and moksa in the year Saka 260 on the island of Nusa Lembongan which is now named Pura Sakenan as Ni Diah Ranggaeni's palace.

Reading list reference

  • Nusa Penida Chronicle Inscription
  • Anonymous Pidarta Dukuh Jumpungan
  • Anonymous, Kandaning Palalu Renggan
  • Anonymous, Queen of Mecaling's Grace

Thus the legend of the folklore chronicle Nusa Penida | The Legend and History of Nusa Penida. We apologize profusely if there is something wrong or lacking in the delivery of this article.

History of Nusa Penida

After discussing the legend of Nusa Penida above, now it's time for us to focus on discussing the history of Nusa Penida and its unique facts. Nusa Penida which was the place of detention of the Gelgel Dynasty.

The Gelgel dynasty itself is one of the kingdoms on the island of Bali. This kingdom is said to have once controlled Lombok.

Gelgel dynasty

On the island of Nusa Penida, there is a place for prisoners of the Gelgel Dynasty who are thought to have been imprisoned in the early 18th century - during the era of domination in the hands of the Majapahit kingdom.

Klungkung Palace Legend and History of Nusa Penida

Investigate a calibaration, it turns out that before the arrival of Majapahit, it was the Gelgel dynasty that succeeded in controlling the Nusa Penida area.

This dynasty conquered Nusa Penida by killing its last king, Dalem Nusa.

Although he is the ultimate king, his name will not be lost in the history of Nusa Penida.

The Dalem Watu Renggong Agreement

From the history of the use of Tridatu Thread, it can be seen that in the 14th to 15th centuries, the King of Bali who was in power at that time was Dalem Watu Renggong and succeeded in controlling Dalem Nusa or Dalem Bungkut.

With this, a certain agreement was reached between Dalem Nusa and Dalem Bali which stated that in the future Dalem Bali would gain power from Dalem Nusa.

In addition, there is also an agreement that Ratu Gede Macaling will always protect all Balinese people or Hindus.

Nusa Penida Legend and History Ceremony

However, in 1621, it was discovered that Dalem Sagening (Bali) had given an order to I Gusti Ngurah Jelantik to direct the Gelgel troops who would later conquer the rebellious ruler of Nuda Penida.

Kyai Jelantik

At the end of its history, Nusa Penida was back to normal and peaceful. This is because Kyai Jelantik succeeded in quelling a major rebellion in Nusa Penida.

For this reason, Dalem Di Made finally gave an award to Kyai Jelantik.

That's a brief summary of the legend and history of Nusa Penida. Hopefully this insight will enrich your history of Bali, certainly complementing your experience of traveling to Nusa Penida.

Tags: History of Nusa Penida¸ Nusa Penida, Legend of Nusa Penida, Nusa Ceningan, Nusa Lembongan, Badung Strait, Bali.

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