Yogyakarta's popularity seems to never fade, exuding its charm in the fields of tourism, education or culture. The city of Yogyakarta is indeed quite a big name and can even be equated with the popularity of the island of Bali.
Many make Yogyakarta a tourist destination either with family or traveling with friends and family. Below will be discussed thoroughly how general information such as history, geographical location, local government structure and especially the current Jogjakarta tourism side will be discussed.
Why is Yogyakarta Special?
Yogyakarta is a special area within the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia which still maintains the governance in the form of a sultanate in its regional government. In the pre-independence era, Jogja was a self-governing area with the titles of the Ngayogyakarta Sultanate and the Duchy of Pakualaman.
This region has governance with a sultanate system. However, after the independence of the Republic of Indonesia, these two governments were merged into the territory of the Republic of Indonesia with a special law that regulates regional governance.
The Indonesian government recognizes the privileges of Yogyakarta through a law which includes the following, namely:
1. Procedures for filling out the positions, duties, positions and authorities of the Governor and Deputy Governor
In this case, the election and filling of the positions of Governor and Deputy Governor does not have to be the same as other regions which must be decided through elections. In Jogja, it has been determined that Sultan Hamengku Buwono is the candidate for governor and Adipati Paku Alam is the candidate for deputy governor.
2. Government Institutions
In the process, the regulation and administration of the Jogjakarta government is regulated in the Perdais by upholding the principles of responsibility, transparency, and accountability.
3. Culture and its preservation
This special government has full authority in terms of organizing, maintaining and developing art objects, customs, ancestral traditions and the like.
Likewise, in the implementation of the administration of land authority, the Sultanate of Yogyakarta is declared as a legal entity that has the right to manage and utilize the land of the sultanate and duchy.
5. Organize and Manage Space
In spatial planning and city management, the Yogyakarta Government regulates the use of Perdais, namely special regional regulations.
Yogyakarta is located in the southern part of the island of Java, precisely in the south-central part of the island of Java. However, Yogyakarta is not included in the administrative area of Central Java. Geographically, Yogyakarta is located at 8º 30′ – 7º 20′ South Latitude, and 109º 40′ – 111º 0′ East Longitude. Based on the landscape, the city is divided into four physiographical types, namely the Merapi Volcano, Sewu Mountains, Kulon Progo and Lowlands.
Based on the landscape, it can be seen the distribution pattern of the population of Yogyakarta. They mostly inhabit lowland areas such as Sleman, Bantul, and the city of Jogja. This is what causes this low-lying area to be more developed and has a high socioeconomic status compared to other areas.
This area also has two large watersheds which are the main flow of rivers in Yogyakarta. The first watershed is the Progo area in the west and Opak-oya in the east. Many rivers flow including Serang River, Opak River, Bedog River, Winongo River and so on.
Yogyakarta Regional Government
Yogyakarta houses 5 regencies that have been formed since 1950. In general, there is no difference between regencies in Yogyakarta and other provinces. The following are the five districts in Jogjakarta, namely:
1. Bantul Regency
This district has an area of about 506,86 km² with a population of 911.503 people.
2. Gunung Kidul Regency
This district has an area of 1.431,42 km² with a population of 755.977 people.
3. Kulon Progo Regency
This district has an area of 586,28 km² with a population of 445.655 people.
4. Sleman Regency
This district has an area of 574,82 km² with a population of 1.062.861 people.
5. Yogyakarta City
The city has an area of 32,5 km² with a population of 410.262 inhabitants.
Education in Yogyakarta
Besides being famous as a tourist place, Yogyakarta also has a good name in the field of education. This city is known as a student city because of the many schools such as universities and colleges in this city.
There are at least 9 state universities in Jogjakarta such as Gajah Mada University, Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University, Yogyakarta State University and so on.
Private schools are also quite mushrooming in this city. There are approximately 20 universities, 18 colleges and 7 private academies in this city. Jogja is a city of education destination because in addition to the many choices of places to take higher education.
The city is also friendly to immigrants. The cost of living is relatively low and there are many tourist attractions that can be visited when tired and tired of studying.
Talking about tourism in Yogyakarta, this topic will never end. There is always something new and interesting from this unique city to show and become an attraction.
If you compare it with other cities on the island of Java, there will be no other city that has as many and interesting tourist attractions as Yogyakarta. Not just one or two places, this city can be said as a tourist paradise.
There are at least 5 groups of tourist destinations in Yogyakarta, including:
1. Temple Tour
Because it is the site of the former ruins of several kingdoms in the past, it is not surprising that many temples will be found in Jogja. Moreover, the kingdom in the past adhered to different religions and beliefs.
Each generation builds a temple to be used as a place of worship. This is what causes many temples around Yogyakarta. There are at least 24 temples and 10 relics of the royal era that are still guarded and preserved today.
You may know some temples such as Borobudur, Prambanan, Kalasan, Gampingan, Candi Sari and so on. Site which are quite famous such as Ratu Boko Site, Gupolo Statue Site and so on.
2. Beach Tour
Because of its location directly adjacent to the Indian Ocean, Yogyakarta also has many beaches in the South. Based on the location, the beaches in Jogja are grouped into 6 parts, namely Bantul 1, Bantul 2, Gunungkidul 1, Gunungkidul 2, Gunungkidul 3 and Kulon Progo. The most visited beaches are in Bantul 1 and 2 areas, namely Parangtritis, Parangkusumo, Depok, Pandansari, Cemara Cave and Pandansimo beaches.
3. Goa Tourism
The city of Yogyakarta also has dozens of cave tours scattered throughout the region. There are at least 45 caves that have been identified and some of them have even been designated as tourist sites. Caves in Yogyakarta that are quite famous are Cerme Cave, Pindul Cave, Jomblang Cave, Kiskendo Cave and Selarong Cave. All of these caves have become popular tourist destinations that are often visited by tourists both from within and outside the country.
4. Nature Tourism
In addition to caves and beaches, Jogja also has various interesting natural attractions such as waterfalls, rivers, reservoirs and mountains. Mount Merapi, Sri Gethuk Waterfall, Kaliurang and so on are some examples of popular tourist attractions in Yogyakarta.
- Tourist attractions for children in Jogja
- Various culinary tours in Jogja
- Night tours that are difficult to move on in Jogja
- Cool Hangout Places in Jogja What's More Viral
Those are some brief information about Yogyakarta in general. Hopefully it can be useful for tourists who want to know a brief profile of this cultural city.