The Legend and History of Nusa Penida

Legend-And-History-Nusa-Penida

This article on the legend and history of Nusa Penida, we present to travel friends who are curious about the history and folklore (legend) of Nusa Penida Bali.

But did you know travel? 3 Nusa in Bali which consists of Nusa Penida, Nusa Ceningan and Nusa Lembongan?

Yes, the three archipelagos are separated by the Badung Strait from the big island of Bali, or commonly called the mother island.

In addition to its natural beauty, Nusa Penida is also interesting with its history. Likewise with the history of 2 other nusa.

Nusa Penida immediately ceremoy

The Legend and History of Nusa Penida

For the history of Nusa Penida itself, it is certainly very interesting for tourists who visit.

Because, even here, there are still special rituals at temples on the island of Nusa Penida. Nusa Penida itself is an area that has entered the Klungkung Regency of Bali.

Among the three islands mentioned above, Nusa Penida is the area that has the largest area.

There are quite a number of recreational areas and tourist attractions here so that visitors can enjoy a variety of marine tourism which is certainly beautiful.

Atuh-Beach-Nusa-Penida

Before we discuss more about the history of Nusa Penida, it is better if we discuss first about its geographical location.

Now for those of you who want to visit Nusa Penida then you can go through four main ports such as; Sanur Beach-Denpasar, Benoa, Padangbai Harbor and Kusamba-Klungkung.

Or you can also read in our other articles "Tips on How to Get to Nusa Penida".

Regarding the sea transportation above, of course you don't need to worry anymore because the four ports already provide fast boats with the best facilities so you can safely arrive at your destination on the island of Nusa.

Fast boats can be rented with tickets as a means of public to private transportation.

After discussing the geographical conditions and the road to the location above, now is the time to focus on discussing the legend and history of Nusa Penida

We start from the legend of the folklore of Nusa Penida

The Legend of the People of Nusa Penida

Once upon a time in the year Saka 50, Ida Bhatara Shiva with his wife, Dewi Uma guess (down) to earth and his followers such as Tri Purusa, Catur Lokha Pala and Asta Gangga.

Lord Shiva with the magic Goddess Uma Legend and History of Nusa Penida

Down in a mountain which is now called Mount Mundhi. On Mount Mundhi, Ida Bhatara Shiva and Sakti Ida Dewi Uma transformed from Meraga (Be-Body) Gods into humans.

Lord Shiva & Goddess Parvati

In addition to descending on the peak of Mount Mundhi, Ida Bhatara Shiva also descended at a place in Saka 55, which is now called Tunjuk Pusuh.

however Goddess Kwan Im first descended in the year Saka 45 had a palace in a cave. Then Goddess Parvati followed down to earth in the year Saka 60.

Now the place is named Goa Giri Putri who became the Pusering Jagat while Dewi Parwati who had the title Bhatari Hyang Giri Putri as the water keeper in the Giri Putri Cave.

The Uniqueness of Goa-Giri-Putri-Putri-Nusa-Penida

In addition to having a palace at the Goa Giri Putri Temple and the Tunjuk Pusuh Temple, they also have a palace at the Batu Medau temple.

See also: Traditional Ceremonies You Shouldn't Miss When In Bali!

Hamlet Jempungan

Ida Bhatara Shiva transformed into a man, became a Pandita (priest) with the title Jumpan hamlet. From this incarnation, the land of Mount Mundi became the forerunner of the name Nusa Penida.

Ida-Bhatara-Shiva
Ida-Bhatara-Shiva

Nusa Penida's real name is Manusa Pandita, manusa is a person named Jumpand Hamlet is a Pandita/priest.

** The word dukuh in the Old Javanese Dictionary by Zoetmulder (1994:233) means hermitage in the forest, living in the forest and in the Balinese Dictionary (Simpen, 1985:59) the word dukuh means wang mdwijati, adan soroh hamlet.

Manusa Pandita

From the word "Manusa Pandita“This is what gradually turned into Nusa Penida.

Puncak Mundi Temple Nusa Penida

While the magic of Ida Bhatara Shiva, Dewi Uma, was transformed into a woman named Ni Puri who was the wife of Dukuh Jumpungan.

The descent of Ida Bhatara Shiva and his wife to earth from Shiva Lokha in addition also brought followers as many as 150 human beings. 

The descent of Ida Bhatara Shiva and his magic to earth, along with his followers, was the beginning of the new existence of the first humans on Nusa Penida.

Building a village and boarding school

Dukuh Jumpungan and its followers began to build a residence called Padukuhan in the area around Mount Mundhi which is now flat, the location is called Rata Village.

Mount Mundhi

Meanwhile, at the top of Mount Mundhi, a boarding school was built surrounded by gardens from 8 water sources called Asta Gangga, which came from Shiva Lokha, who came down with Ida Bhatara Shiva.

Build a boat

Because the island of Nusa Penida is surrounded by a very wide ocean, Ida Dukuh Jumpungan thought of building a boat.

In the year Saka 60, Ida Dukuh Jumpungan meditated at the peak of Mount Mundhi. It was from the power of his adnyana that a very beautiful and huge boat emerged.

After the boat was finished, the boat was lowered from the peak area of ​​Mundhi towards the North and reached the sea, right on the coast of the Bodong area which is now called Tukat Bodong, and the boat was used to sail to enjoy the beauty of the ocean with his wife.

Give birth to a boy

And then in the year Saka 90, Ni Puri gave birth to a son who was named I Merja. I Merja is not very happy sailing.

He prefers to meditate doing tapa brata yoga semedhi at Batu Beya asking for the safety of the world and the entire universe.

At this time the earth of Nusa Penida became prosperous, safe and sound, gemah ripah loh jinawi, thanks to the leadership of Dukuh Jumpungan.

After Dukuh Jumpungan was 95 years old. He did semedhi yoga at the top of the mountain and now stands the Puncak Gunung Mundhi temple as Ida Dukuh Jumpungan's stana.

And Ida Dukuh Jumpungan's wife, Ni Puri, also did semedhi yoga in a place when she was 230 and moksha in Saka 280.

Now in its semedhi place stands the Batu Melawang temple as the palace of Ida Ni Puri.

Bethel Cave Ni Puri

It is also said that Ni Puri also did semedhi yoga and with the power of Adnyana Ida was able to make Betel Cave from the west of the island of Nusa Cenik to the east of the island of Nusa Cenik.

** Nusa cenik is another name for nusa ceningan

By making a hole starting from the west, in the west the island of Nusa Cenik is called Batu Melawang. Meanwhile, in the east of Nusa Cenik island, because the passage from Bethel Cave is visible (ninggias) from the island of Nusa Gede, from the east of Nusa Cenik island, precisely around the cave, it is called Batu Banglas.

Bethel Cave is the payogan palace of Ida Batara Ciwa and Dewi Uma. In addition to that place as a palace / payogan as well as a place to store heirlooms belonging to I Renggan.

Merja and Nu Luna

Told after I Merja grew up married to Ni Luna. Which Ni Luna comes from Indra Loka, who came down to earth with his sister Dewi Rohini in the year Saka 97.

The place where Ni Luna and her sister dropped off is now called the Sukun area.

In addition to their sister, they also brought 125 followers, all of these followers pretended to be Denawa (Ksatria indra loka), while Ni Luna and her brother from the Gods became human.

Dewi Rohini was taken by Empu Agni Jaya as a wife who lived in Jungut Rock. It is also told that Empu Agni Jaya has 2 adopted sons named Hyang Naon and I Rundan who are now the palace of Pura Sakenan Jungut Batu.

Giving birth to I Renggan

I Merja at the age of 160 did semedhi yoga at Batu Beya and moksa in the year Saka 250.

Meanwhile, I Merja's wife, Ni Luna, did semedhi yoga in the Batu Banglas area at the age of 153 and moksa in the year Saka 250. Now stands a temple as the palace of Ida Ni Luna, namely Pura Batu Banglas.

From their marriage (I Merja & Ni Luna) I Renggan was born in Saka 150. I Renggan married I Merahim who was born in Saka 160.

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